Design Throughout the Ptolemaic Day and age The construction of forehead regarding Horus goes back to the Ptolemaic period

Nov 13, 2023

Design Throughout the Ptolemaic Day and age The construction of forehead regarding Horus goes back to the Ptolemaic period

A destroyed pylon lies in order to the latest east of the most recent temple; inscriptional evidence has been discovered exhibiting a building program according to the The fresh Empire rulers Ramesses We, Seti I and Ramesses II. Of all temples from old Egypt, one on Edfu is among the most complete and greatest managed whenever uncovered by Auguste Mariette on 1860s. The reason is that brand new forehead ended up being entirely immersed significantly less than the latest desert with the exception of the very the top of pylon entrances.

Temporary Records

The original stone try placed for the 23 August 237 BCE and it’s just a beneficial century later on, for the 10 Sep 142 BCE, that the forehead is officially consecrated on the presence of one’s Queen themselves, Ptolemy VIII and his awesome spouse. This building works continued during the 140 BCE towards pronaos, then pylon while the nearby wall. The next consecration of the temple was a student in 70 BCE, nevertheless the monumental home regarding cedars out-of Lebanon was just put in place inside the 56 BCE.

Disuse During the Roman Era The temple out of Edfu dropped toward disuse as the a spiritual memorial following the Theodosius I’s persecution out-of pagans and edict forbidding low-Christian praise inside Roman Kingdom from inside the 391 Ce. Due to the fact in other places, many temple’s created reliefs was basically razed (inspect) by followers of your Religious faith and therefore involved dominate Egypt. The new blackened ceiling (inspect) of one’s hypostyle hall, obvious today, is thought become caused by arson meant to destroy spiritual artwork which had been up coming noticed pagan.


Over the many years, the newest forehead turned tucked so you’re able to a depth of a dozen yards (39 legs) below floating desert sand and you may levels of lake silt deposited by the the fresh Nile. Local people based residential property physically along side previous temple foundation. Only the upper has reached of temple pylons was in fact noticeable because of the 1798, in the event the selskapets hjemmeside forehead was identified by a French journey. In 1860 Auguste Mariette, an excellent French Egyptologist, began the work away from freeing Edfu forehead about sands.


Earliest Pylon The development with the entry pylons try been by the Ptolemy IX (116-107 BCE) prior to he had been ousted away from electricity by their sibling Alexander (Ptolemy X Alexander I 107-88 BCE) and you will complete when you look at the reign off Ptolemy XII. This new pylons is decorated because of the Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (117-51 BCE) in 57 BCE which have data out of himself smiting the latest challenger. Each of the towers bear a great cartouche off Ptolemy XII, but are a little other. Two sculptures from Horus since the a good falcon flank brand new entrances door, and trailing the brand new pylon, at the base of one’s wall space on the either side of the entry, is actually moments depicting the fresh “Feast of Beautiful Appointment” where Horus from Edfu try united with Hathor away from Dendera.

The back wall space (inspect) of your colonnade try wrapped in numerous rows regarding high reliefs portraying the latest Pharaoh (Ptolemy IX Soter II otherwise Ptolemy X Alexander We) carrying converse with the newest gods or for the winning jesus Horus. Comparable representations are repeated all over the temple. To the edges of your pylon, the fresh pharaoh are revealed, to your Straight down Egyptian top on west top therefore the Top Egyptian top with the eastern front, continuing towards forehead and being spread to the drinking water regarding consecration by the Horus and you will Thoth.

Courtroom of Choices The large peristyle earliest court try enclosed by 32 towering articles (inspect), this is where a keen altar whould were. The brand new columns was richly decorated with floral and you will hand capitals, therefore the golden-hued stone structure are secured within the reliefs of gods Horus and Hathor. In order to brand new leftover of your entrance toward Vestibule, the enduring black stone sculpture from Horus, which could possess originally already been part of some, wears the brand new double top of Egypt and you can shields the entranceway to the the newest farther is located at of forehead.